It belongs to the Luhya group of languages which also includes Bukusu, Kimaragoli, Abanyala, Abakhayo, Abamarachi, Abanyole, Olushisa, Olutsotso, Abawanga, Abamarama, Abakabras, Abatiriki, Tachoni, Abisukha and Kisa languages.
Abasamia language has approximately 700,000 native speakers.
The language has 2 dialects; Olusamia and Olugwe.
The Samia have a total of 50 clans. They include; Abakhumwa,Ababeebo,Ababongo,Abachaki, Abadira, Abafofoyo, Abagemi, Abahanja, Abajabi, Abakangala, Abakhabukaki, Abakhoba, Abakhulo, Abakombe, Abaleke, Abalucha, Abalundu, Abamakondo, Abamulembo, Abamwaya, Abang’arle, Abanyideti, Abanyimoti, Abasinywa, Abasota, Abasyakhuba, Abayobo, Ababoli, Ababuri, Abadde, Abadongo, Abafuta, Abagwang’wa, Abahauli, Abakamondo, Abakemo, Abakeke, Abakhoone, Abakhumachi, Abalanda, Abalindo, Abalumbi,Abalyali, Abamanyi, Abamulimba, Abanapa, abakangalaa, Abanyanga, Abanyihodo, Abapodi, Abasiralire, Abataboona and Abasubo.